The Taif Agreement Lebanon


Taif Accord attempted to exercise the sovereignty of the Lebanese state on its internationally recognized territory and therefore had the provisions for the withdrawal of troops. At the time of the signing of the agreement, Syria has about 40,000 troops in Lebanon, which control about 65% of the country. Israel had a force of 1,500-3,000 in southern Lebanon in the so-called security zone. Israel had also relocated about 200,000 of its 2.7 million inhabitants to the controlled area. [fn] Sandra M. Saseen, “The Taif Accord and Lebanon`s Struggle to Regain Its Sovereignty,” American University Journal of International Law and Policy 6, No. 1(1990): 57, footnotes 2, 3. [/efn_note] Syria had accepted the principle of a possible withdrawal of troops from all Lebanese territory, but no withdrawal took place in 1989. Similarly, Israel continued its occupation. D. The problem of evacuees in Lebanon must be fundamentally resolved and the right of every Lebanese displaced since 1975 to return to the place from which they were deported is recognized. Legislation is passed to guarantee this right and to ensure reconstruction funds. Considering that the lebanese state`s objective is to spread its authority over all Lebanese territories by its own forces, mainly represented by the internal security forces, and given the fraternal relations that bind Syria to the authority of the Lebanese state within a specified period of two years at most, starting with the ratification of the Charter of the National Agreement, the election of the President of the Republic, the education of the cabinet of the national agreement and the adoption of political reforms.

At the end of this period, the two governments – the Syrian government and the Lebanese government of the National Agreement – decided to redistribute Syrian forces to Al-Biq`a from Dahr al-Baydar to the Hammana-al-Mudayrij-`Ayn`Ayn Darah line and, if necessary, on other points that must be defined by a common Lebanese and Syrian military committee. The two governments also reach an agreement to determine the strength and duration of the presence of the Syrian armed forces in the aforementioned area and to establish the relations of these forces with the Lebanese authorities, when the armed forces are present. The Arab Tripartite Committee is ready to help both states develop this agreement if they wish. Lebanese political sectarianism was refined and adopted by the independence movement in November 1943 by the so-called National Pact, an unwritten agreement that laid the foundations for a sectarian system in the post-independence Republic. Surprisingly, the pact survived the civil war from 1975 to 1990. The conflict began in part because of calls for the abolition of political bigotry. Nevertheless, political sectarianism was reaffirmed and even consolidated in the 1989 agreement on the Taif, also known as the document of national unification. In this regard, Lebanon has the illustrious privilege of having been a pioneer in the creation of a system based on sectarianism, and also a laboratory that emphasizes its dysfunctions and limitations. The agreement provided for the withdrawal of all Syrian troops from the Beqaa Valley for up to two years, but did not provide a timetable for their total withdrawal from the country. This failure allowed the Syrian Arab Army to occupy the Beqaa for the next 15 years and dominate political life during the same period, until it withdrew completely in March 2005, after the Cedar Revolution and UN Resolution 1559. 6.

When the President of the Republic is present, he presides over cabinet meetings. The firm meets at regular intervals at the special headquarters. The legal quorum for a cabinet meeting is 2/3 of the cabinet members. The cabinet decides with the agreement. If that is not possible, it is by vote. Decisions are adopted by a majority of the members present. For important questions, they must be approved by 2/3 of the cabinet members.